Manipulator – A stationary (does not mean that nothing moves) movement assist device that is often equipped with end effectors for handling different types of loads.
End effectors include all forms of grippers, forks, barrel grabs, etc. Manipulators counteract the weight of the load, rendering it almost weightless by way of hydraulic or pneumatic cylinders, or simply by way of counter weights and the exercising of very limited manual control.
Most manipulators require manual actuation and control and are therefore manual assist devices. They are mounted to the floor, wall or ceiling.
In some cases, manipulators are mounted to a fixed base plate and the entire unit can be moved via a trolley, cart or fork lift truck.
Robotic palletizers can be fitted with a variety of end effectors for particular jobs.